Small business owners face unique challenges and often lack access to comprehensive advisory services. While tax planning and preparation are crucial, it is essential to recognize that there is more to sustaining a business than just managing taxes. This article highlights the importance of understanding and properly allocating direct and indirect expenses for small business owners, emphasizing their impact on profitability and long-term success.
The Significance of Indirect Expenses:
In industries such as construction, roofing, and custom manufacturing, it is crucial to consider both direct and indirect expenses when determining the true cost of a job or project. While direct expenses, such as labor and materials, are typically acknowledged, indirect expenses often go unnoticed or are incorrectly allocated. Indirect expenses encompass costs that relate to the entire business and not just one specific job, including depreciation, rent, utilities, insurance, and compensation for supervisors, managers, and owners.
Allocating Indirect Expenses:
To ensure accurate job costing, small business owners must allocate indirect expenses properly. This allocation can be based on factors such as direct labor dollars, direct labor hours, or direct materials. Among these methods, allocating based on direct labor hours is a recommended approach. For instance, if a business has 20 direct laborers projected to work 1,900 hours annually, totaling 38,000 hours, and the sum of indirect costs is $1,500,000, the indirect cost per direct labor hour would be $39.47.
Determining the total cost per direct labor hour enables businesses to establish appropriate billing rates and strive for profitability. By considering factors like average hourly wages, desired gross margin, and industry standards, small business owners can set competitive pricing. Applying full absorption accounting, a generally accepted accounting principle, ensures that all production costs are covered in external financial statements.
Considerations and Flexibility:
It is important to acknowledge that market conditions may influence pricing strategies. If the market cannot support the determined billing rate, small business owners have options to adapt. These include accepting a smaller margin, exploring ways to reduce direct and indirect costs, or understanding fixed costs and economies of scale. Flexibility and a willingness to explore alternative approaches are crucial for sustainable growth and profitability.
Small business owners must broaden their focus beyond tax planning and recognize the significance of managing both direct and indirect expenses. Understanding and allocating indirect expenses appropriately enable accurate job costing, competitive pricing, and improved profitability. By adopting sound financial practices and seeking guidance from experienced advisors, small business owners can ensure the longevity of their entrepreneurial dreams. Embracing comprehensive financial strategies is key to overcoming challenges and thriving in today’s competitive business landscape.